Abolitionists








Abolitionists were people who wanted to end slavery. There were many different abolitionists. Sometimes they formed groups of abolitionists. The groups tried to convince people that slavery was wrong and should be ended.



Early Abolitionism


In the middle 1700's many abolitionists were freed slaves. By the 1780's there were white abolitionists as well. One of the earliest groups of abolitionists were the Quakers. They protested against slavery. They were also religious and didn't believe that anyone should own or beat one of God's creatures.













Important Abolitionists



Harriet Tubman

There have been many important abolitionists over time. Harriet Tubman is the most well known abolitionist. She was born in 1820 in Dorchester, Maryland. She was a runaway slave that led other runaway slaves to freedom through the Underground Railroad. Over the course of ten years, she helped hundreds of slaves. During the Civil War, Tubman was both a spy and a nurse.



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Harriet Tubman
Harriet Tubman



Frederick Douglass


Frederic Douglass was also an escaped slave. He wanted to help other slaves become free. He published a newspaper called "The North Star." The name of the paper was chosen because escaping slaves followed the north star to freedom. He also lectured to people about freedom. Douglass also spoke up for women's rights.

Frederick Douglass
Frederick Douglass

Levi Coffin

Levi Coffin was born in 1798 in North Carolina. He was in the Society of Friends group. He moved to Cincinnati where, with the help of abolitionists in Indiana, he opened a business. The business sold goods produced by free laborers. Coffin also helped with the Underground Railroad. He helped around three thousand slaves get their freedom. He opened an orphanage in 1854 for African-American children.

Levi Coffin
Levi Coffin

Abolitionists Got What They Wanted


In 1865 slavery was abolished. The abolitionists finally got what they had been hoping to get. Without the abolitionists there might still be slavery today because there would have been nobody to tell people how wrong slavery was. Many people with slavery in their heritage are very grateful to all of the abolitionists and what they did to help get rid of slavery.




References


"Abolitionists." Ohio History Central. 2009. 12 Apr. 2009. http://www.ohiohistorycentral.org/entry.php?rec=569

"Frederick Douglass." America's Story from America's Library. Library of Congress. 12 Apr. 2009 http://www.americaslibrary.gov/cgi-bin/page.cgi/aa/activists/douglass/leader_1

Garraty, John A. The Story of America. Austin, TX: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1994

"Harriet Tubman." America's Story from America's Library. Library of Congress. 12 Apr. 2009 http://www.americaslibrary.gov/cgi-bin/page.cgi/aa/tubman

"Abolitionists." Ohio History Central. 2009. 12 Apr. 2009. http://www.ohiohistorycentral.org/entry.php?rec=569

"Levi Coffin." Ohio History Central. 2009. 12 Apr. 2009. http://www.ohiohistorycentral.org/entry.php?rec=84