Abraham Lincoln

By Samuel Levin


Abraham Lincoln was the 16th President of the United States. He was born on February 12, 1809 in Hardin County, KY to Thomas Lincoln and Nancy Hanks- Lincoln. Abraham Lincoln's childhood was rough. In 1816 his family moved to Indiana. His mother died in 1818 when Abraham was only 9 years old. One year later Lincoln's father married Sarah Bush Johnson. Abraham thought that she was kind and a good mother. In 1830 the Lincolns moved to Illinois. In 1831 Abraham left home and moved to New Salem in Sangamon County near Springfield. Lincoln tried many different jobs and volunteered in the Black Hawk War. Lincoln ran unsuccessfully for the Illinois Legislature in 1832, however 2 years later he was elected as a Whig to the lower-house for the first of four terms. A Whig was the political party that opposed policies of then President Andrew Jackson. Lincoln became a lawyer in 1836. In 1837 he moved to Springfield where he built a successful law practice. Lincoln courted Mary Todd, who was from Kentucky. They were married on November 4th, 1842. They had 4 sons, William Wallace, Thomas "Tad", Edward Baker, and Robert Todd. Lincoln served one term as a member in the House of Representatives (1847-1849). After that he went back to Springfeild to study law again. In February of 1860 Abraham ran for president. He won the Presidential election. Abraham Lincoln was known for saving the Union, freeing the slaves, The Gettysberg Address (November 19, 1863), and passing the 13th amendment, which abolished slavery.


The Timeline of Abraham Lincoln


  • Abraham Lincoln was born on February 12, 1809.
  • His family moved to Indiana in 1816.external image abraham_lincoln.jpg
  • Abraham Lincoln's mother, Nancy Hanks- Lincoln, died in 1818.
  • Lincoln's father married a widow named Sarah Bush Johnson.
  • In 1830 the Lincolns left Indiana and went to Illinois.
  • In 1831 Abraham Lincoln left his home and Traveled to New Salem.
  • Lincoln served in the Black Hawk War in 1832
  • Lincoln ran an unsuccessful race for the Illinois Legislature in 1832.
  • In 1836 Abraham Lincoln became a lawyer.
  • Abraham Lincoln and Mary Todd were married on November 4, 1842
  • Lincoln served one term as a member of the U.S. house of Representatives. (1847- 1849)
  • In 1856 Lincoln joined the newly formed Republican Party
  • February of 1860 Lincoln made his first appearance as a Presidential Candidate
  • He won the Presidential election.
  • On April 12,1861 the civil War started.
  • On September 22 ,1862 a proclomation was signed which abolished racial acts in the army.
  • The final copy allowed blacks to be in the army. (January 1, 1863)
  • He gave the Gettysberg Address on November 19, 1863.
  • In 1864 Abraham Lincoln passed the 13th amendment abolishing slavery for good in America.
  • On April 14, 1865 Abraham Lincoln was shot by John Wilkes Booth.
  • He died the day after, April 15, 1865 at 7:22 in the morning.

Early Life


Abraham Lincoln was born on February 12, 1809 in Hardin County, Kentucky. Thomas Lincoln, Abraham's Father, was a carpenter and a farmer. They lived on 30 acres of land. The Lincoln Family was constantly "poverty- stricken." In 1816 the Lincolns moved to Spencer County, Indiana. Two years later, 1818, Abraham's mother died. He was 9 years old. A year later Abraham's father married Sarah Bush Johnson. She was a widow. Sarah Bush Johnson tried very hard to teach Abraham Lincoln to read. Abraham went to several private tutors. After he learned to read he couldn't stop. He loved to read. Then the Lincoln family moved again in 1830 to Illinois. In 1832 Lincoln served in the Black Hawk War for about 30 days. In 1832 Lincoln ran an unsuccesful race for the Illinois Legislature. Abraham Lincoln became a lawyer in 1836 and got married to Mary Todd on November 4, 1842.

Road To Presidency & the Civil War


In 1860 Lincoln made his first appearence as a Presidential Nominee. Lincoln was a nominated president by the Republican party. Hannibal Hamlin was his running mate. He called for an end to slavery in the southern territories. In the end Lincoln won by 40% and got 180 out of the 303 electoral votes. He was the 16th President. By his Inoguration 7 states left from the Union.
On April 12, 1861 the Civil War started. Lincoln Always sought a General no matter if he was a Republican or Democrat. The War was in need of men, money, and food. For these problems there was only one place he could turn to. The Republican Party. In addition to the War Lincoln tried to keep the Republican Party together. The Republican Party was always in an argument and couldn't agree with someone else's opinion. Military appiontments had to be approved by both Democrats and Republicans so both of the Parties could agree on something. Democrats accused Lincoln as being a tyrant because he prohibited civil liberties, he Suspended Habeas Corpus in some areas, and made over 13,000 arbitrary arrests.
The constitution protected slavery in peace, but in war slavery could be abolished. Lincoln took the chance of abolishing slavery. He worked very hard to handle the slavery issue. Many people hated Lincoln because they needed their slaves to keep doing their work, but some understood that slavery was a terrible thing. He wrote the Emancipation Proclomation and it was passed on January 1, 1863. Then Abraham Lincoln passed the 13th ammendment abolishing slavery In America.

The Death of Abraham Lincoln


It was April 14, 1865. At eleven in the morning Abraham Lincoln held a meeting with the Cabinet. After the meeting Grant asked if Lincoln could treat him to a play. Secretary of war, Edwin Staton, told Lincoln that he shouldn't see the play, but Lincoln didn't listen. Staton was worried that someone might shoot Lincoln. When Staton had time to talk to Abraham he convinced him to bring Major Henry Rathhorn and Clara Hills to join them.
After a nice dinner and a carrage ride they arrived at the play. Lincoln and his friends took a seat at the V.I.P. balcony. In the middle of the play an actor named John Wilkes Booth entered the V.I.P. booth and shot Abraham Lincoln. Then John Wilkes Booth jumped of the Balcony and got away. John Wilkes Booth shot Lincoln because he hated that he abolished slavery. Abraham Lincoln didn't die right away. He stayed alive until April 15, the next day. He died at 7:22 in the morning.
A week later police found John Wilkes Booth inside of a burning barn. The policemen rescued him but then shot him.

external image lincolnpinkertonmcclernand.jpg

Lincoln in the Present (conclusion)


Abraham Lincoln was known an one of the most famous presidents in the world. He freed the slaves, helped end the civil war, and much more. Even though he has died many people still take him as a great role model. This great person did many great things for America. Nowadays President Lincoln is featured in many books and is known all around the world.

Recources


Garraty, John A. The story of America . Austin, TX: holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1994.
Abraham Lincoln - http://sc94.ameslab.gov/TOUR/alincoln.html
Abraham Lincoln's youth - http://www.americaslibrary.gov/cgi-bin/page.cgi/aa.presidents/lincoln/youth_2
Abraham Lincoln's youth - http://www.americaslibrary.gov/cgi-bin/page.cgi/aa.presidents/lincoln/youth_3